May 1, 2020

Understanding Action Potentials for the Introductory to Intermediate Levels

Anyone who wishes to interpret ECGs at an advanced level must know some of the physiology and anatomy of the heart. This helps us to understand […]
March 3, 2019

Systolic and Diastolic Currents of Injury

In Figure 1 above, the action potential of normal myocardium is represented by the solid lines and the action potential of the ischemic myocardial area is […]
January 30, 2019

Why Am I Giving Calcium for Hyperkalemia?

If you are reading this monograph, it’s perhaps because you have had to manage a patient with a dangerously high potassium level – possibly on several […]